White Birch Tree

White Birch Tree

The White Birch Tree is probably best known for its eye-catching white bark. Today, these trees are most often used for their landscape color or aiding thirsty hikers in their effort to locate streams.

Many years ago, the Native Americans used this tree’s white bark for a multitude of items. The Indians in the New England states used the peeled bark of the trees for the skin of canoes, tee-pees, and even to wrap the shaft of spears for fishing so that they could easily find them under water.

Unlike the more hearty river birches, the white birch are found in the northern U.S. and southern Canada. And if you ever find yourself in a survival situation, the tree bark can be separated into thin layers that are easily combustible even when damp.

The fall color of the white birch is a nice bright yellow which is quite attractive, especially with the nice white bark tree trunk.

Below is a summary of tree facts for the White Birch:

Scientific Name: Betula papyrifera
Region: North America
Height: 45-60 feet
Spread: 20-35 feet
Leaf Length & Color: 2-4 inches, green
Fall Leaf Color: Yellow
Unique Characteristics: Prefers moist to flooded soil areas.
Usually has multiple trunks.


If your outdoor adventures take you through the northern woodlands of the United States, you’ll likely spot the white birch tree in your travels.

Happy hiking!